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List of sovereign states

Short and formal names Membership within the UN System [Note 1] Sovereignty dispute [Note 2] Further information on status and recognition of sovereignty[Note 4]
UN member states or observer states
Abkhazia → Abkhazia
Afghanistan – Islamic Republic of Afghanistan UN member state None
Albania – Republic of Albania UN member state None
Algeria – People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria UN member state None
Andorra – Principality of Andorra UN member state None Andorra is a co-principality in which the office of head of state is jointly heldex officio by the French president and the bishop of the Roman Catholicdiocese of Urgell,[2] who himself is appointed by the Holy See.
Angola – Republic of Angola UN member state None
Antigua and Barbuda UN member state None Antigua and Barbuda is a Commonwealth realm[Note 5] with 1 autonomous region, Barbuda.[Note 6][3]
Argentina – Argentine Republic[Note 7] UN member state None Argentina is a federation of 23 provinces and 1 autonomous city. Argentina claims sovereignty over the Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, which are administered by the United Kingdom.[4]Argentina claims Argentine Antarctica as part of its national territory, officially a department of the province of Tierra del Fuego, Antarctica, and South Atlantic Islands, which overlaps with the claims of the UK and Chile.[Note 8][5]
Armenia – Republic of Armenia UN member state Not recognized byPakistan[6][7]
Australia – Commonwealth of Australia UN member state None Australia is a Commonwealth realm[Note 5] and a federation of 6 states and 10 territories. The external territories of Australia are:

Austria – Republic of Austria UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3] Austria is a federation of 9 states(Bundesländer).
Azerbaijan – Republic of Azerbaijan UN member state None Azerbaijan contains 2 autonomous regions, Nakhchivan and Nagorno-Karabakh (Dağlıq Qarabağ).[Note 6] In Nagorno-Karabakh, a de facto statehas been established.
Bahamas, The – Commonwealth of The Bahamas UN member state None The Bahamas is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 5]
Bahrain – Kingdom of Bahrain UN member state None
Bangladesh – People’s Republic of Bangladesh UN member state None
Barbados UN member state None Barbados is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 5]
Belarus – Republic of Belarus UN member state None
Belgium – Kingdom of Belgium UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3] Belgium is a federation divided into linguistic communities and regions.
Belize UN member state None Belize is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 5]
Benin – Republic of Benin[Note 9] UN member state None
Bhutan – Kingdom of Bhutan UN member state None
Bolivia – Plurinational State of Bolivia UN member state None
Bosnia and Herzegovina UN member state None Bosnia and Herzegovina is a federation of 2 constituent units:

and Brčko District, a self-governing administrative unit.[Note 10]

Botswana – Republic of Botswana UN member state None
Brazil – Federative Republic of Brazil UN member state None Brazil is a federation of 26 states and 1 federal district.
Brunei – Nation of Brunei, Abode of Peace UN member state None Brunei claims sovereignty over part of the Spratly Islands.[Note 11]
Bulgaria – Republic of Bulgaria UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3]
Burkina Faso[Note 12] UN member state None
Burma – Republic of the Union of Myanmar[Note 13][9] UN member state None
Burundi – Republic of Burundi UN member state None
Cambodia – Kingdom of Cambodia UN member state None
Cameroon – Republic of Cameroon UN member state None
Canada[Note 14] UN member state None Canada is a Commonwealth realm[Note 5] and a federation of 10 provinces and 3 territories.
Cape Verde – Republic of Cabo Verde UN member state None
Central African Republic UN member state None
Chad – Republic of Chad UN member state None
Chile – Republic of Chile UN member state None Easter Island and the Juan Fernández Islands are “special territories” of Chile in the Valparaíso Region. Chile claims part of Antarctica as a commune in its Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region. Its claim overlaps with those of the UK and Argentina.[Note 8]
China – People’s Republic of China[Note 15] UN member state Not recognized by 22 states. Claimed by the Republic of China The People’s Republic of China (PRC) contains five autonomous regions,Guangxi, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Xinjiang and Tibet.[Note 6] Additionally, it has sovereignty over the Special Administrative Regions of:

China is not recognised by 22 UN member states and the Holy See, which instead recognise Taiwan (the Republic of China).[Note 16]

China claims, but does not control, the de facto independent Taiwan,[Note 17] and the Indian-controlled South Tibet. India claims the Chinese-controlled Aksai Chin.[Note 18] China has some control over the disputed Paracel[Note 19] and Spratly Islands.[Note 11]

China, Republic of → Taiwan
Colombia – Republic of Colombia UN member state None The Bajo Nuevo Bank and Serranilla Bank are under various claims by Honduras, Nicaragua, Jamaica, and the United States.[4]
Comoros – Union of the Comoros UN member state None Comoros is a federation of 3 islands, and claims Mayotte, part of France, as a fourth.[Note 20][10] Comoros also disputes French sovereignty overBanc du Geyser.[4]
Congo, Democratic Republic of the[Note 21] UN member state None
Congo, Republic of the[Note 22] UN member state None
Cook Islands → Cook Islands
Costa Rica – Republic of Costa Rica UN member state None
Côte d’Ivoire → Ivory Coast
Croatia – Republic of Croatia UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3]
Cuba – Republic of Cuba UN member state None
Cyprus – Republic of Cyprus UN member state Not recognised byTurkey and Northern Cyprus Member of the EU.[Note 3] The northeastern part of the island is the de facto state of Northern Cyprus. See Foreign relations of Cyprus and Cyprus dispute. Turkey refers to the Republic of Cyprus government as “The Greek Cypriot Administration of South Cyprus”.[11]
Czech Republic[Note 23] UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3]
Democratic People’s Republic of Korea → Korea, North
Democratic Republic of the Congo → Congo, Democratic Republic of the
Denmark – Kingdom of Denmark UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3]The Danish Realm also includes two self-governing territories:

Djibouti – Republic of Djibouti UN member state None
Dominica – Commonwealth of Dominica UN member state None
Dominican Republic UN member state None
East Timor – Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste[Note 24] UN member state None
Ecuador – Republic of Ecuador UN member state None
Egypt – Arab Republic of Egypt UN member state None
El Salvador – Republic of El Salvador UN member state None
Equatorial Guinea – Republic of Equatorial Guinea UN member state None
Eritrea – State of Eritrea UN member state None
Estonia – Republic of Estonia UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3]
Ethiopia – Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia UN member state None Ethiopia is a federation of 9 regions and 2 chartered cities.
Fiji – Republic of Fiji UN member state None Fiji contains 1 autonomous region, Rotuma.[Note 6][12][13]
Finland – Republic of Finland UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3]

France – French Republic UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3] France contains 5 overseas regions/departments: French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte, and Réunion. France also includes the overseas territories of:

French sovereignty over Banc du Geyser, Bassas da India, Europa Island,Glorioso Islands, Juan de Nova Island, Mayotte, and Tromelin Island is disputed in part by Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles and the Comoros.[4]

Gabon – Gabonese Republic UN member state None
Gambia, The – Republic of the Gambia UN member state None
Georgia UN member state None Georgia contains 2 autonomous regions, Adjara and Abkhazia.[Note 6] InAbkhazia and South Ossetia, de facto states have been formed.
Germany – Federal Republic of Germany UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3] Germany is a federation of 16 federated states(Bundesländer).
Ghana – Republic of Ghana UN member state None
Greece – Hellenic Republic UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3] Mount Athos is an autonomous part of Greece that is jointly governed by the multinational “Holy Community” on the mountain and a civil governor appointed by the Greek government.[14]
Grenada UN member state None Grenada is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 5]
Guatemala – Republic of Guatemala UN member state None
Guinea – Republic of Guinea[Note 26] UN member state None
Guinea-Bissau – Republic of Guinea-Bissau UN member state None
Guyana – Co-operative Republic of Guyana UN member state None All land west of the Essequibo River is claimed by Venezuela.[4]
Haiti – Republic of Haiti UN member state None
Holy See → Vatican City
Honduras – Republic of Honduras UN member state None
Hungary UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3]
Iceland – Republic of Iceland UN member state None
India – Republic of India UN member state None India is a federation of 28 states and 7 union territories. Indian sovereignty over Arunachal Pradesh is disputed by the People’s Republic of China.[4]India claims sovereignty over the whole of Kashmir, but administers only part of it as the federated state of Jammu and Kashmir.[Note 18]
Indonesia – Republic of Indonesia UN member state None Indonesia has 5 provinces with official special autonomy status: Aceh,Jakarta SCR, Yogyakarta SR, Papua, and West Papua.[Note 6]
Iran – Islamic Republic of Iran UN member state None
Iraq – Republic of Iraq UN member state None Iraq is a federation[Note 20][15] of 18 governorates, 3 of which make up the autonomous Iraqi Kurdistan.[Note 6]
Ireland[Note 27] UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3]The Constitution of Ireland asserts the aspiration towards creating a united Ireland by peaceful means.[16]
Israel – State of Israel UN member state Not recognised by 33 states In the Six-Day War in 1967, Israel occupied the Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula from Egypt, the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, fromJordan, and the Golan Heights from Syria.[17] Israel annexed East Jerusalem[18] and the Golan Heights.[19] These areas are not internationally recognised as being part of Israel.[4] Between 1982 and 2000, Israel occupied part of southern Lebanon, in what was known as theSecurity Zone.[20] Israel returned the Sinai Peninsula to Egypt as part of theIsrael–Egypt Peace Treaty.[21] Israel no longer has a permanent civilian or military presence in the Gaza Strip, following its unilateral disengagement, but is still considered the occupying power under international law.[22][23][24][25][26] Israel is not recognised as a state by 32 UN members (including most Arab states) and by the SADR.
Italy – Italian Republic UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3] Italy has 5 autonomous regions, Aosta Valley,Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Sardinia, Sicily and Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol.[Note 6]
Ivory Coast – Republic of Côte d’Ivoire UN member state None
Jamaica UN member state None Jamaica is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 5]
Japan UN member state None Japan disputes Russian administration of the South Kuril Islands.
Jordan – Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan UN member state None
Kazakhstan – Republic of Kazakhstan UN member state None
Kenya – Republic of Kenya UN member state None
Kiribati – Republic of Kiribati UN member state None
Korea, North – Democratic People’s Republic of Korea UN member state Claimed by South Korea North Korea is not recognised by two UN members: Japan and South Korea.[Note 28][27]
Korea, South – Republic of Korea UN member state Claimed by North Korea South Korea contains 1 autonomous region, Jeju-do.[Note 6][28] South Korea is not recognised by one UN member: North Korea.[Note 28]
Kosovo → Kosovo
Kuwait – State of Kuwait UN member state None
Kyrgyzstan – Kyrgyz Republic UN member state None
Laos – Lao People’s Democratic Republic UN member state None
Latvia – Republic of Latvia UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3]
Lebanon – Lebanese Republic UN member state None
Lesotho – Kingdom of Lesotho UN member state None
Liberia – Republic of Liberia UN member state None
Libya – State of Libya UN member state None Libya has one self-declared autonomous region:[29]

Liechtenstein – Principality of Liechtenstein UN member state None
Lithuania – Republic of Lithuania UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3]
Luxembourg – Grand Duchy of Luxembourg UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3]
Macedonia – Republic of Macedonia UN member state None Because of the Macedonia naming dispute, the country is referred to by the UN and a number of states and international organizations as “the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia”.
Madagascar – Republic of Madagascar UN member state None Madagascar claims the French territories of Banc du Geyser, Juan de Nova Island, and the Glorioso Islands.[4]
Malawi – Republic of Malawi UN member state None
Malaysia UN member state None Malaysia is a federation of 13 states and 3 federal territories. Malaysia claims part of the Spratly Islands.[Note 11]
Maldives – Republic of Maldives UN member state None
Mali – Republic of Mali UN member state None
Malta – Republic of Malta UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3]
Marshall Islands – Republic of the Marshall Islands UN member state None Under Compact of Free Association with the United States.
Mauritania – Islamic Republic of Mauritania UN member state None
Mauritius – Republic of Mauritius UN member state None Mauritius has an autonomous island, Rodrigues.[Note 6] Mauritius claims the British Indian Ocean Territory and the French island of Tromelin.[4]
Mexico – United Mexican States UN member state None Mexico is a federation of 31 states and 1 federal district.
Micronesia, Federated States of UN member state None Under Compact of Free Association with the United States. The Federated States of Micronesia is a federation of 4 states.
Moldova – Republic of Moldova UN member state None Moldova has the autonomous regions of Gagauzia and Transnistria, the latter of which has established a de facto state.
Monaco – Principality of Monaco UN member state None
Mongolia UN member state None
Montenegro UN member state None
Morocco – Kingdom of Morocco UN member state None Morocco claims sovereignty over Western Sahara and controls most of it, which is disputed by the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. Morocco disputes Spanish sovereignty over Ceuta, Melilla and the “Plazas de soberanía“.[4]
Mozambique – Republic of Mozambique UN member state None
Myanmar → Burma
Nagorno-Karabakh → Nagorno-Karabakh
Namibia – Republic of Namibia UN member state None
Nauru – Republic of Nauru UN member state None
Nepal – Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal UN member state None Nepal is a federation composed of 14 zones.
Netherlands – Kingdom of the Netherlands UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3] The Kingdom of the Netherlands consists of four constituent countries:

The monarch and his ministers form the government of the kingdom as well as the government of its constituent country, the Netherlands. Following the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles in 2010, Curaçao and Sint Maarten have become constituent countries, which, alongside Aruba, enjoy considerable autonomy. The other three islands (Bonaire, Saba, Sint Eustatius) became special municipalities of the Netherlands.

The designation “Netherlands” can refer either to one of the Kingdom’s constituent countries or to the short name for the Kingdom (e.g. in international organizations). The Kingdom of the Netherlands as a whole is a member of the EU, but EU law applies only to parts within Europe.

New Zealand UN member state None New Zealand is a Commonwealth realm,[Note 5] and has the dependent territories of:

The Tokelauan government claims sovereignty over Swains Island, part ofAmerican Samoa, a territory of the United States.[30] New Zealand does not recognize the Tokelauan claim.[31]

New Zealand has responsibilities for (but no rights of control over) two freely associated states:

The Cook Islands and Niue have diplomatic relations with 39 and 8 UN members respectively.[32][33][34] They have full treaty-making capacity in the UN,[35] and are members of some UN specialized agencies.

Nicaragua – Republic of Nicaragua UN member state None Claims the San Andrés archipelago, part of Colombian territorial watersNicaragua contains 2 autonomous regions, Atlántico Sur and Atlántico Norte.[Note 6]
Niger – Republic of Niger UN member state None
Nigeria – Federal Republic of Nigeria UN member state None Nigeria is a federation of 36 states and 1 federal territory.
Niue → Niue
Northern Cyprus → Northern Cyprus
North Korea → Korea, North
Norway – Kingdom of Norway UN member state None

Norway has the dependent territories of:

Oman – Sultanate of Oman UN member state None
Pakistan – Islamic Republic of Pakistan UN member state None Pakistan is a federation of 4 provinces, 1 capital territory, and tribal regions. Pakistan disputes Indian sovereignty over Kashmir. It exercises control over some areas, but does not explicitly claim any part of it,[36][37] instead regarding it as a disputed territory.[38][39] The portions that it controls are divided into two polities, administered separately from Pakistan proper:[Note 18]

Palau – Republic of Palau UN member state None Under Compact of Free Association with the United States.
Palestine – State of Palestine UN observer state; member of one UN specialized agency Disputed by Israel The declared State of Palestine has received diplomatic recognition from134 states.[40] The proclaimed state has no agreed territorial borders, or effective control on the territory that it proclaimed.[41] The Palestinian National Authority is an interim administrative body formed as a result of the Oslo Accords that exercises limited autonomous jurisdiction within thePalestinian territories. In foreign relations, Palestine is represented by thePalestine Liberation Organization.[42] The State of Palestine is a member state of UNESCO,[43] and an observer state in the UN.
Panama – Republic of Panama UN member state None
Papua New Guinea – Independent State of Papua New Guinea UN member state None Papua New Guinea is a Commonwealth realm[Note 5] with 1 autonomous region, Bougainville.[Note 6]
Paraguay – Republic of Paraguay UN member state None
Peru – Republic of Peru UN member state None
Philippines – Republic of the Philippines UN member state None The Philippines contains one autonomous region, the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao.[Note 6] There has been efforts to establish theCordillera Administrative Region as an autonomous region as well, however in the last referendum of 1998, the people of the Cordillera region voted against the proposition. The Philippines administers Scarborough Shoal and some of the Spratly Islands,[Note 11] and claims sovereignty overSabah, which is part of Malaysia.[4]
Poland – Republic of Poland UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3]
Portugal – Portuguese Republic UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3] Portugal contains 2 autonomous regions, Azoresand Madeira.[Note 6] Portugal does not recognize Spanish sovereignty overOlivenza and Táliga.[4]
Pridnestrovie → Transnistria
Qatar – State of Qatar UN member state None
Republic of Korea → Korea, South
Republic of the Congo → Congo, Republic of the
Romania UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3]
Russia – Russian Federation UN member state None Russia is officially a federation of 83 federal subjects (republics, oblasts, krais, autonomous okrugs, federal cities, and an autonomous oblast). Several of the federal subjects are ethnic republics.[Note 6] Sovereignty over the South Kuril Islands is disputed by Japan.
Rwanda – Republic of Rwanda UN member state None
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic → Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
Saint Kitts and Nevis – Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis UN member state None Saint Kitts and Nevis is a Commonwealth realm[Note 5] and is afederation[Note 20] of 14 parishes.
Saint Lucia UN member state None Saint Lucia is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 5]
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines UN member state None Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 5]
Samoa – Independent State of Samoa UN member state None
San Marino – Republic of San Marino UN member state None
São Tomé and Príncipe – Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe UN member state None São Tomé and Príncipe contains 1 autonomous province, Príncipe.[Note 6]
Saudi Arabia – Kingdom of Saudi Arabia UN member state None
Senegal – Republic of Senegal UN member state None
Serbia – Republic of Serbia UN member state None Serbia contains 2 autonomous regions, Vojvodina and Kosovo and Metohija.[Note 6] Most of the latter is under the de facto control of theRepublic of Kosovo.
Seychelles – Republic of Seychelles UN member state None Seychelles claims the British Indian Ocean Territory.[4]
Sierra Leone – Republic of Sierra Leone UN member state None
Singapore – Republic of Singapore UN member state None
Slovakia – Slovak Republic UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3]
Slovenia – Republic of Slovenia UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3]
Solomon Islands UN member state None The Solomon Islands is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 5]
Somalia – Federal Republic of Somalia UN member state None Somalia is presently divided with the official Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) controlling only part of the country. Puntland and Galmudughave declared themselves as autonomous regions of Somalia (a claim that the FGS does not recognise),[44][need quotation to verify] whileSomaliland has formed an unrecognised de facto state.
Somaliland → Somaliland
South Africa – Republic of South Africa UN member state None
South Korea → Korea, South
South Ossetia → South Ossetia
South Sudan – Republic of South Sudan UN member state None South Sudan is a federation of 10 states. Disputes Abyei with the Republic of the Sudan.[4]
Spain – Kingdom of Spain UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3] Spain is divided into autonomous communities and cities.[Note 6] Sovereignty over Ceuta, Isla de Alborán, Isla Perejil, Islas Chafarinas, Melilla and Peñón de Alhucemas is disputed by Morocco. Sovereignty over Olivenza and Táliga is disputed by Portugal. Spain calls for sovereignty over Gibraltar.[4]
Sri Lanka – Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka UN member state None Formerly known as Ceylon.
Sudan – Republic of the Sudan UN member state None Sudan is a federation of 17 states. Disputes Abyei and Kafia Kingi withSouth Sudan.
Sudan, South → South Sudan
Suriname – Republic of Suriname UN member state None
Swaziland – Kingdom of Swaziland UN member state None
Sweden – Kingdom of Sweden UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3]
Switzerland – Swiss Confederation UN member state None Switzerland is a federation of 26 cantons.
Syria – Syrian Arab Republic UN member state None Israel occupies the Golan Heights.[17]
The Syrian National Coalition, which is recognized as the legitimate representative of the Syrian people by 20 UN members, has established an interim government to rule rebel controlled territory during the Syrian civil war.
Taiwan (Republic of China) → Taiwan
Tajikistan – Republic of Tajikistan UN member state None Tajikistan contains 1 autonomous region, Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province.[Note 6]
Tanzania – United Republic of Tanzania UN member state None Tanzania contains 1 autonomous region, Zanzibar.[Note 6]
Thailand – Kingdom of Thailand UN member state None
Timor-Leste → East Timor
Togo – Togolese Republic UN member state None
Tonga – Kingdom of Tonga UN member state None
Transnistria → Transnistria
Trinidad and Tobago – Republic of Trinidad and Tobago UN member state None Trinidad and Tobago contains 1 autonomous region, Tobago.[Note 6]
Tunisia – Republic of Tunisia UN member state None
Turkey – Republic of Turkey UN member state None
Turkmenistan UN member state None
Tuvalu UN member state None Tuvalu is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 5]
Uganda – Republic of Uganda UN member state None
Ukraine UN member state None Ukraine contains 1 autonomous region, Crimea.[Note 6]
United Arab Emirates UN member state None The United Arab Emirates is a federation of 7 emirates.
United Kingdom – United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3] The United Kingdom is a Commonwealth realm[Note 5] consisting of four countries: England, Northern Ireland,Scotland, and Wales. The United Kingdom has the following overseas territories:

The British monarch has direct sovereignty over three self-governing Crown dependencies:

United States – United States of America UN member state None The United States is a federation of 50 states, 1 federal district, and the incorporated territory of Palmyra Atoll. The United States has sovereignty over the following inhabited possessions and commonwealths:

It also has sovereignty over several uninhabited territories:

The United States asserts claims to Colombian-controlled Bajo Nuevo Bank and Serranilla Bank.[4]

Three sovereign states have become associated states of the United States under the Compact of Free Association:

Uruguay – Oriental Republic of Uruguay UN member state None
Uzbekistan – Republic of Uzbekistan UN member state None Uzbekistan contains 1 autonomous region, Karakalpakstan.[Note 6]
Vanuatu – Republic of Vanuatu UN member state None
Vatican City – Vatican City State UN observer state; member of three UN specialized agenciesand the IAEA None Administered by the Holy See, a sovereign entity with diplomatic ties to 179 states.[45] The Holy See is a member of the IAEA, ITU, UPU, and WIPO and a permanent observer of the UN (in the category of “Non-member State”)[42] and multiple other UN System organizations. The Vatican City is governed by officials appointed by the Pope, who is the Bishop of the Archdiocese of Rome and ex officio sovereign of Vatican City. The Holy See also administers a number of extraterritorial properties in Italy.
Venezuela – Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela UN member state None Venezuela is a federation of 23 states, 1 capital district, and federal dependencies.
Vietnam – Socialist Republic of Vietnam UN member state None Vietnam claims sovereignty over the Paracel[Note 19] and Spratly Islands.[Note 11][4]
Yemen – Republic of Yemen UN member state None
Zambia – Republic of Zambia UN member state None
Zimbabwe – Republic of Zimbabwe UN member state None
UN member states and observer states
↓ Other states ↓
Abkhazia – Republic of Abkhazia No membership Claimed by Georgia Recognised by Russia, Nauru, Nicaragua, Tuvalu,[46] Venezuela,[47]Nagorno-Karabakh, South Ossetia and Transnistria.[48] Claimed in whole by Georgia as the Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia.
Cook Islands Member of seven UN specialized agencies None A state in free association with New Zealand, the Cook Islands has relations with 41 other states. The Cook Islands is a member of multiple UN agencies with full treaty making capacity.[35] It shares a head of statewith New Zealand as well as having shared citizenship. While in practice the Cook Islands’ status is considered to be equivalent to independence for international law purposes, it is not universally accepted as a sovereign state due to its constitutional link with New Zealand.[49]
Kosovo – Republic of Kosovo Member of two UN specialized agencies Claimed by Serbia Kosovo unilaterally declared independence in 2008 and it has received diplomatic recognition from 107 UN member states and Taiwan. Pursuant to United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244, Kosovo is formally under the administration of the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo. Serbia continues to maintain its sovereignty claim over Kosovo. Other UN member states and non UN member states continue to recognise Serbian sovereignty or have taken no position on the question. Kosovo is a member of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank Group. The Republic of Kosovo has de facto control over most of the territory, with limited control in North Kosovo.
Nagorno-Karabakh – Nagorno-Karabakh Republic No membership Claimed byAzerbaijan A de facto independent state,[50][51][52] recognised only by Abkhazia,[53]South Ossetia[53] and Transnistria.[53][54] Claimed in whole byAzerbaijan.[55]
Niue Member of five UN specialized agencies None A state in free association with New Zealand, Niue has relations with nine other states. Niue is a member of multiple UN agencies with full treaty making capacity.[35] It shares a head of state with New Zealand as well as having shared citizenship. While in practice Niue’s status is considered to be equivalent to independence for international law purposes, it is not universally accepted as a sovereign state due to its constitutional link with New Zealand.[49]
Northern Cyprus – Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus No membership Claimed by Cyprus Recognised only by Turkey. Under the name “Turkish Cypriot State”, it is an observer state of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation and theEconomic Cooperation Organization. In addition, the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, which is a part of Azerbaijan, regards TRNC as sovereign but Azerbaijan has not followed suit.[citation needed] Northern Cyprus is claimed in whole by the Republic of Cyprus.[56]
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic No membership Claimed by Morocco Recognised at some stage by 84 UN member states, 39 of which have since withdrawn or frozen their recognition. It is a founding member of theAfrican Union and the Asian-African Strategic Partnership formed at the 2005 Asian-African Conference. The territories under its control, the so-called Free Zone, are claimed in whole by Morocco as part of its Southern Provinces. In turn, the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic claims the part ofWestern Sahara to the west of the Moroccan Wall controlled by Morocco. Its government resides in exile in Tindouf, Algeria.
Somaliland – Republic of Somaliland No membership Claimed by Somalia A de facto independent state,[50][57][58][59][60] not diplomatically recognised by any other state, claimed in whole by the Federal Republic of Somalia.[61]
South Ossetia – Republic of South Ossetia No membership Claimed by Georgia A de facto independent state,[62] recognised by Russia, Nicaragua, Nauru, Venezuela,[47] Abkhazia, Nagorno-Karabakh, and Transnistria.[48] Claimed in whole by Georgia as the Provisional Administrative Entity of South Ossetia.[63]
Taiwan – Republic of China[Note 15] No membership Claimed by thePeople’s Republic of China A state competing for recognition with the People’s Republic of China as the government of China since 1949. The Republic of China controls the island of Taiwan and associated islands, Quemoy, Matsu, the Pratas and parts of the Spratly Islands,[Note 11] and has not renounced claims over its annexed territories on the mainland.[64] The Republic of China is recognised by 21 UN member states and the Holy See as of 2013. The territory of the Republic of China is claimed in whole by the People’s Republic of China.[Note 17] The Republic of China participates in international organizations under a variety of pseudonyms, most commonly “Chinese Taipei” and in the WTO it has full membership. The Republic of China was a founding member of the UN and enjoyed membership from 1945 to 1971, with veto power in the security council. See China and the United Nations.
Transnistria – Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic No membership Claimed by Moldova A de facto independent state,[50] recognised only by Abkhazia, Nagorno-Karabakh, and South Ossetia.[48] Claimed in whole by Moldova as theTerritorial Unit of Transnistria.[65]
↑ Other states ↑